Germans and THE THIRD REICH
Hitler, Germans, and the Jewish Question by Sarah Ann Gordon is an excellent and comprehensive account of how Germans felt about and reacted to National Socialist propaganda and measures against the Jews. Among the findings that she reports: men were more likely to oppose Nazi policies, the working class was under-represented as active opponents to Nazi measures, Protestants were more supportive of anti-Semitic laws and actions. One of the most fascinating sections in the book concerns Nazi opponents of anti-Jewish measures. Included is the story of Wilhelm Kube, the Gauleiter of Gau Kurmark, who wrote a note of protest at the murder of Jews and non-Jews Slutsk, near Minsk, in October 1941. Kube, an anti-Semite who once stated, "What plague and syphilis are to humanity, are Jews to the white race," nevertheless vehemently objected to the murder of German Jews and wrote a letter to a superior asking for clarifications: "I am certainly a hard man and willing to help solve the Jewish question, but people who come from our own cultural sphere, just are not the same as the brutish hordes in this place. Is the slaughter to be carried out by the Lithuanians and Letts, who are themselves rejected by the population here? I couldn't do it. I beg you to give clear directives in this matter, with due consideration for the good name of our Reich and our Party, in order that the necessary action can be taken in the most humane manner."